Use of English b) HA11 Identify the tenses in bold in Ex. 1a. Explain how we use each. k z 11 What tense do we use after time words (when, by the time, until, before, after, etc) to refer to the future? Find an example in the text, then write two more examples of your own.
who is going to dance?
are they going to dance?
when are they going to dance?
are they going to dance at 5 p.m or at 7 p.m.?
they are going to dance at 5 p.m, aren't they?
negative (отрицательные предложения)
his friends are not still speaking over the telephone. boris is not repairing the record-player. he is not leaving by the 8o'clock train. they are not crossing the street. we were not looking for him the day before yesterday. she was not typing a letter at that moment. he was not watching tv when i came home. i shall not be waiting for you at the usual time. he will not be lecturing at that time. it will not be raining in a minute. she is not talking to her old friend. boys are not playing football. we were not having dinner when you rang me up. john was not listening to the latest news at 7 o'clock in the evening. she was not hurrying to the station at that moment. i shall not be posting my letters tomorrow morning. they will not be working hard in autumn. she will not be coming to see us today.
interrogative (вопросительные ) are his friends are still speaking over the telephone? is boris repairing the record-player? is he leaving by the 8o'clock train? are they crossing the street? were we looking for him the day before yesterday? was she typing a letter at that moment? was he watching tv when i came home? shall i be waiting for you at the usual time? will he l be lecturing at that time? will it be raining in a minute? is she talking to her old friend? are boys playing football? were we having dinner when you rang me up? was john listening to the latest news at 7 o'clock in the evening? was she hurrying to the station at that moment? shall i be posting my letters tomorrow morning? will they be working hard in autumn. will she be coming to see us today?
меня зовут лера. я иду в школу, мне десять лет! мне нравится кататься на коньках, и я занимаюсь танцами. я достойная ученица! я живу в городе москве!
We use the present simple for something scheduled:
We have a lesson next Monday.
The train arrives at 6.30 in the morning.
The holidays start next week.
It's my birthday tomorrow.
2. We can use the present continuous for plans or arrangements:
I'm playing football tomorrow.
They are coming to see us tomorrow.
We're having a party at Christmas.
3. We use will:
when we express beliefs about the future:
It will be a nice day tomorrow.
I think Brazil will win the World Cup.
I'm sure you will enjoy the film.
to mean want to or be willing to:
I hope you will come to my party.
George says he will help us.
to make offers and promises :
I'll see you tomorrow.
We'll send you an email.
to talk about offers and promises:
Tim will be at the meeting.
Mary will help with the cooking.
4. We use be going to:
to talk about plans or intentions:
I'm going to drive to work today.
They are going to move to Manchester.
to make predictions based on evidence we can see:
Be careful! You are going to fall. (= I can see that you might fall.)
Look at those black clouds. I think it's going to rain. (= I can see that it will rain.)
5. We use will be with an -ing form for something happening before and after a specific time in the future:
I'll be working at eight o'clock. Can you come later?
They'll be waiting for you when you arrive.
6. We can use will be with an -ing form instead of the present continuous or be going to when we are talking about plans, arrangements and intentions:
They'll be coming to see us next week.
I'll be driving to work tomorrow.
7. We often use verbs like would like, plan, want, mean, hope, expect to talk about the future:
What are you going to do next year? I'd like to go to university.
We plan to go to France for our holidays.
George wants to buy a new car.
8. We use modals may, might and could when we are not sure about the future:
I might stay at home tonight or I might go to the cinema.
We could see Mary at the meeting. She sometimes goes.
9. We can use should if we think there's a good chance of something happening:
We should be home in time for tea.
The game should be over by eight o'clock.